The fifteen individual dissertation projects contribute to the overall GEO-C research results, which is the Open City Toolkit. Therefore, all candidates have to apply to one (or to a maximum up to three) of the pre-defined dissertation topics below. Please find also below the secondment plan, which defines the hosts of the “external semesters” and internships.

Individual Research Projects of the Early-Stage Researchers (ESRs)

Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Public displays as integrators of open cities (WP3)(supervised by Kray (WWU), co-supervisor external semester: Painho (UNL), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Belmonte (UJI).
Objectives: Develop, realise and evaluate approaches to effectively use public displays as integrators in open cities; investigate how public displays can (1) help large crowds to have a better experiences and success in specific tasks such as taking part in large events (e.g. concerts) or reacting to dangerous events; (2) help to enable potentially disadvantaged people (villagers, elderly, disabled) to access services of smart city; (3) facilitate opportunistic and ad-hoc participation in decision-making in smart cities.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools to use public displays as integrators of open cities; public display framework; deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship at Münster City Council, between M10 and M18 (one month), assessing deployment; external semester at UNL, between M19 and M30 (six months), cross-country comparison.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, internship, surveys about citizen participation, a poster on PerDis 2016, summerschool, interviews of urban planners, interdisciplinary courses
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR01 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Guiying Du
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Sustainable Smart Cities assessment framework (WP4), supervised by Pedro Cabral (NOVA IMS), 1st co-supervisor external semester: Sven Casteleyn (UJI), 2nd co-supervisor: Edzer Pebesma (WWU).
Objectives: (1) Assess how cities can play an important role in climate change mitigation and how the use of intelligent technologies can decrease GHG emissions and improve energy efficiency; (2) Assess the impact of these technologies on environmental sustainability and on human well-being; (3) Develop indicators to assess both sustainable and smart cities concepts usin assessment frameworks; (4) Develop a framework to assess urban performance which considers sustainable smart cities; (5) Carry out empirical analysis on which indicators cities use to measure sustainable smart city performance; (6) Measure correlation between smart and sustainability performance; (7) Develop a visualization tool to share and explore the framework as part of the OCT.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools to assess sustainable and smart cities; development of an assessment framework for sustainable smart cities; case studies; integrate results in the Geo-C open city toolkit; Develop an European smart sustainable city ranking; Monitoring smart sustainable cities; Develop a geovisualization tool to share and explore the framework as part of the OCT; other deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship: Lisbon Municipality, between M10 and M18, 1 month; purpose: familiarize with city data and indicators. External semester: UJI, between M19 and M30, 6 months, work with Prof. Sven Casteleyn to develop framework visualization tool.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defense, summer school, internship, assessment framework, development of visualization tool, academic publishing
Poster Midterm meeting: -
Fellow: ESR02 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: 1st of June 2017 Duration: 36 months
Student: Adeoluwa Akande
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Using and adapting open citizen data for different user groups (WP3),supervised by Kray (WWU), co-supervisor external semester: Gould (UJI), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Oliveira (UNL).
Objectives: Teach citizens how to use and benefit from data in smart open city through developing tools from a user perspective; develop tools to (1) support users to develop spatial skills, (2) and determine learning success; examine role of (1) collaborative aspects and group interaction in learning, (2) mobile on-site learning, and (3) gamification for motivating users, in particular children; usability studies to optimize presentation of data in open city for maximal and measurable learning success.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools for interact with open city data, guidelines and tools teach spatial skills and measure learning success, deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship at Münster City Council, between M10 and M18 (one month), external semester at UJI, between M19 and M30 (six months).
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, internship, semi-structured interviews of forced migrants, participatory workshops with refugee students at Hans-Böckler-Berufskolleg
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR03 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Ana Maria Bustamante
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Sensing quality of life (WP4),supervised by Pebesma (WWU), co-supervisor external semester: Mateu (UJI), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Costa (UNL).
Objectives: Assuming that smart cities will have readily available data on environment parameters including noise, traffic, air quality, temperature, but also social activity, the question arises how such data can be transformed into information that end users are interested in, such as cumulative quality of life indicators, and how end users can in return offer their own, potentially qualitative information on the primary parameters, and their assessment of quality of life.
This PhD research will investigate (i) how, from elementary, spatially and temporally dislocated measurements information can be retrieved about an individual instantaneous location or usual areas/periods of preferential residence, (ii) how from this information quality of life can be inferred, and shared with an individual’s network, and (iii) how quantitative measurements and predictions can be integrated with qualitative assessments in order to improve a quality of life sensing network.
Expected Results: Methods to compute quality of life indicators based on available data; publications, prototype system, open source software for analysis methods; deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship: Hansa Luftbild, between M10 and M18, 1 month; purpose: familiarise with earth observation workflows, familiarise with company portfolio. External semester: UJI, between M19 and M30, 6 months, work with Prof. Mateu to develop spatial and spatiotemporal statistical models for sensor data.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, summer school, internship, survey regarding housing companies' perception of air quality monitoring, preliminary model development
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR08 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Shivam Gupta
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Proximity-based opportunistic information sharing and privacy protection (WP5), supervised by Kray (WWU), co-supervisor external semester: Santos (UNL), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Ramos (UJI).
Objectives: Identify and analyse existing and potential scenarios for proximity-based opportunistic information sharing between citizens and/or infrastructure of smart cities; analyse technological options to realise information sharing; asses privacy threats in smart cities and identified sharing scenarios; design, implement and evaluate approaches to realise proximity-based opportunistic information sharing; derive guidelines for realisation of sharing.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools to realise proximity-based opportunistic sharing; privacy threat model; deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship at 52 North, between M10 and M18 (one month), assessing deployment; external semester at UNL, between M19 and M30 (6 months), assessing social paradigms for sharing.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, internship, conference paper, completion of credits for all course programs
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR13 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Mehrnaz Ataei
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Volunteered geographic information, integration in public participation and geographic information systems (WP3), supervised by Painho (UNL), co-supervisor external semester: Kray (WWU), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Casteleyn (UJI).
Objectives: 1) To understand citizens that produce Geographic Information, identifying their motivations.; 2) Assess whether the use of neo-geography derived techniques contributes to develop the ability to understand the complexity of geographic space, in two different sets of analysis: a) data production through VGI,and, b) the use of the analytical capabilities of the systems; 3) to investigate the the relationship between PPGIS and VGI and build a use model for VGI in PPGIS.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools to better involve citizens in the life of the city, deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship Lisbon City Council, between M10 and M18 (one month) to participate and be aware of the city planning framework,, external semester at UJI, between M19 and M30 (six months).
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, external semester, first prototype of Internet map-survey to spatialize Sense of place and social capital, data collection and extraction of Lisbon decentralized meeting
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR04 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Albert Acedo
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Determinants of ICT for online citizen participation in city/urban contexts: implications of 2nd order digital divide (WP3), supervised by Oliveira (UNL), co-supervisor external semester: Kray (WWU), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Casteleyn (UJI).
Objectives: To understand the drivers of ICT adoption and use for online citizen participation in city/urban context; 2) Narrow the digital divide in city/urban contexts; 3) Development of e-health apps, that are of special important for the elderly; 4) Development of traffic jam apps (public and private transport), that helps the pollution reduction.
Expected Results: Approaches and tools to increase ICT adoption for online citizen participation in city/urban context, this will allow better involve citizens in the life of the city/urban, deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship a Lisbon City Council, between M10 and M18 (one month), external semester at WWU, between M19 and M30 (six months) to test the framework to understand the reasons for adoption of smart city enabling technologies.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, summer school, internship, review paper, electronic surveys
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR05 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Mijail Naranjo
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Climate change and impacts on the quality of life in urban systems (WP4),supervised by Costa (UNL), co-supervisor external semester: Pebesma (WWU), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Granell (UJI).
Objectives: The goal of this project is to investigate the impacts of climate change on critical infrastructure systems of a city that influence the quality of life of citizens, and also identify related adaptation strategies. The research will focus on identifying current and future climate hazards, conducting inventory of infrastructures and assets, characterizing risks of climate change on critical infrastructures, and identifying adaptation strategies.
Expected Results: Inventory of infrastructures and assets; analytical methods and tools to produce future climate hazards scenarios; approaches and tools to assess the impacts of these scenarios on infrastructures and assets; deployment of adaptation strategies; WebGIS for geodatabase integration and deployment of information; deliverables according to the text above.
Planned secondment(s): Internship at SAS, between M10 and M18 (one month), external semester at UJI, between M19 and M30 (six months) to develop the analytical methods tool and WebGIS.
Achievement items: Dissertation proposal defence, summer school, internship, gained ability to handle climate multi model ensembles, data collected
Poster Midterm meeting: Poster
Fellow: ESR09 PhD enrolment: Yes Start date: M07 Duration: 36 months
Student: Marek Smid
Project Title and Work Package(s) to which it is related: Predictive analytics - human mobility patterns investigation from social networks (WP4), supervised by Henriques (UNL), co-supervisor external semester: Torres (UJI), 2º co-supervisor external semester: Pebesma (WWU).